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Mayor of London

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MAYOR OF LONDON & GNEWT CARGO ELECTRIC VEHICLE TRIAL

FIND VERY POSITIVE RESULTS FOR THE VOLTIA VANIN URBAN DELIVERY OPERATIONS

Case study prepared by engineering & consultancy ARUP
in cooperation with fleet telematics company Fleetcarma Technology.

The Mayor of London / Gnewt Cargo Electric Vehicle Trial ran from July 2017 to December 2019. The objective of the project was to find available technologies to help urban delivery companies switch to electric and demonstrate how to do so. The project examined the performance of modified, larger electric light goods vehicles (LGVs) used for delivery and logistics purposes in London compared to data on the pre-trial fleet used by Gnewt Cargo (Gnewt by Menzies).

This webpage consolidates the trial’s key findings, drawing insights from previously published reports, plus full vehicle evaluations.

The Trial compared three types of EVs against comparable diesel vans, in delivery operations. The four main areas of focus were:

Voltia Open Van image
Nissan illustration

7.5 M3
NISSAN VIC-YOUNG

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8 M3
NISSAN VOLTIA

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13 M3
E-DUCATO

Analysis of the data collected revealed some important findings

OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE

On average, the trial EVs (7.5 - 13m³) travelled 27% further and were out of the depot for longer amounts of time each day than their smaller EV counterparts (3.4 - 4.2m³).

Operationally, the trial EVs, with their larger payload volumes (the amount of cargo a vehicle can carry), delivered on average 30% more parcels per week than the smaller EV fleet.

Open Voltia image

DRIVER EXPERIENCE

An important part of vehicle evaluation is the driver experience. The human feedback should go hand-in-hand with performance data when considering a new fleet vehicle.

The main benefits noted by drivers were that the e-NV200 was quiet, fast, comfortable and environmentally friendly.

The Voltia e-NV200 was more versatile and capable of delivering to urban locations. Furthermore, parking the Voltia vans proved easy in the congested city environment.

Drivers rated their overall satisfaction with the Voltia as a 4.2/5.

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EV OPERATING COSTS IN PRACTISE

The overall fuel costs for the trial electric LGVs were 75% less than diesel LGVs, based on 2019 projections. There are also significant socio-environmental benefits associated with electric LGVs replacing diesel equivalents.

These equate to an estimated 1.8p to 2.6p benefit per kilometre driven, in Greater London. This benefit is predominantly linked to a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.

The smaller electric LGVs, such as the e-NV200 and Renault Kangoo EV were about 20% less expensive to operate than their diesel equivalents.

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ENERGY USAGE

Overall, the trial Voltia and Vic-Young EVs used significantly less energy per km than the diesel and small EVs.

  • The Nissan NV200 diesel vans use five times more energy than Nissan trial EVs (Voltia and Vic Young)
  • The Voltia and the Vic-Young vehicles consume less energy than the small tested EVs.
Energy Usage Voltia image

Largest cargo capacity in class Box illustration

With 8m3 of cargo space, the Voltia has the highest capacity in the 2,2t segment.

100%
electric
engine Trees illustration

The Voltia is powered by an advanced lithium-ion battery you can charge anywhere.

Lowest operating costs Money illustration

Nissan’s OEM quality guarantees minimum maintenance costs and electric power saves on fuel. The savings increase over the lifetime of the vehicle!

OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE

The Nissan Voltia provided a
increase in parcel deliveries
per week
on average compared to baseline vehicles. 34%

 

DISTANCE TRAVELLED

Of all trial EVs, the Voltia travelled the greatest distance.

 

FUEL USAGE & EFFICIENCY

The headline finding of the London
trial is that overall fuel costs for
electric Voltia’s are less than
diesel LGVs,
based on 2019
projections. 75%

+ there is an additional – still significant - benefit predominantly linked to a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.

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AIR QUALITY

To demonstrate the pollutant savings from the use of the trial EVs, as a replacement for equivalent diesel LGVs, an assessment was undertaken to calculate the tailpipe emissions which would have been generated by diesel LGVs. The trial EVs prevented the following tailpipe emissions from being emitted:

  • PM10 – 1,005.7 g
  • NOx – 425.8 kg
  • CO2 – 69.8 t

These figures cover the period from November 2017 to September 2019. They were derived from 26 trial vehicles completing final-mile deliveries which gives an indication of the potential impacts of large-scale adoption of EVs across London and the UK.

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DRIVER BEHAVIOUR

The Voltia is a quiet, comfortable, low emission cargo van with mid-sized cargo space and excellent mileage.

Ideal for operations in urban environments.

 
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The London trial concluded that, in terms of operational performance, cost, vehicle emissions and impact on the grid, cargo EVs offer an operationally competitive and environmentally friendly fleet alternative to traditional diesel vans.

Based on their daily routes,
112,000 EVS CAN REPLACE 281,000 DIESEL VANS DAILY JOURNEYS IN LONDON.

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